Mimar Sinan

Mimar Sinan, also known as Koca Mi’mar Sinan Ağa or simply Sinan, was a renowned Ottoman architect and civil engineer. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest architects in history and the chief architect of the Ottoman Empire during the 16th century. Sinan’s innovative architectural designs and engineering prowess left a lasting impact…

Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)

SSL stands for Secure Sockets Layer. It is a cryptographic protocol that provides secure communication over the internet. SSL has been superseded by Transport Layer Security (TLS), but the term SSL is still commonly used to refer to both SSL and TLS. Here are some key points about SSL: Secure Communication: SSL is designed to…

Data Source Name (DSN)

DSN stands for Data Source Name. It is a configuration setting that provides a consistent and convenient way to identify and connect to a data source, such as a database or file, within a computer system. DSNs are commonly used in the context of ODBC (Open Database Connectivity) and OLE DB (Object Linking and Embedding,…

Open Database Connectivity (ODBC)

ODBC stands for Open Database Connectivity. It is an industry-standard application programming interface (API) that enables communication between applications and database management systems (DBMS). ODBC provides a consistent and uniform interface for accessing different types of databases, regardless of the specific DBMS vendor or underlying data source. Here are some key points about ODBC: Functionality:…

Relational Databases

Relational databases are a type of database management system (DBMS) that organizes data into tables, which are composed of rows and columns. These databases are based on the relational model, proposed by Edgar F. Codd in 1970, and they have been widely adopted in various industries. Here are some key concepts and features of relational…

What is District Cooling?

District cooling, also known as centralized cooling or district energy cooling, is a system for providing cooling services to multiple buildings or areas from a centralized cooling plant. It involves the production and distribution of chilled water or cool air through a network of underground pipes to meet the cooling needs of various buildings within…

Whats is Master/Slave Architecture?

Master-slave architecture is a design pattern commonly used in computer systems, networks, and communication protocols. It involves the division of roles and responsibilities between two types of components: the master and the slave. In a master-slave architecture: Master: The master component, often referred to as the controller or the central unit, is responsible for coordinating…

What is the EN1434-3 Standard?

EN 1434-3 refers to a European standard that specifies the requirements and test methods for heat meters used in heating systems. It is part of the EN 1434 series of standards, which covers various aspects related to heat meters, including their accuracy, installation, and functionality. Specifically, EN 1434-3 focuses on the metrological and technical requirements…

Whats is M-Bus?

M-Bus, short for Meter-Bus, is a communication protocol commonly used in the utility metering industry for remote reading of meters. It is a standard developed for collecting consumption data from various types of utility meters, such as electricity, gas, water, or heat meters. The M-Bus protocol specifies the way data is exchanged between the meters…